Wet & Dry Crocking

Colorfastness to Light

Physical Properties

Abrasion – Low Traffic

Abrasion – High Traffic

ACT Voluntary
Guideline for
Woven Fabrics

The surface wear of a fabric caused by friction.

Low Traffic / Private Spaces – Woven Upholstery Fabrics
ASTM D4157 (ACT approved #10 Cotton Duck)
15,000 double rubs Wyzenbeek method

ASTM D4966 (12 KPa pressure)
20,000 cycles Martindale method

Wyzenbeek test results are not necessarily a reliable indicator of fabric lifespan. Comparative laboratory testing results on the same textiles frequently differ and testing methods do not necessarily correlate well with the variables encountered in actual use by the end-user. Licensees using the ACT performance certification marks and publishing test results more than 100,000 double rubs are required, at a minimum, to provide in their sampling, marketing materials and Website, the following statement:

Multiple factors affect fabric durability and appearance retention, including end-use application and proper maintenance. Wyzenbeek results above 100,000 double rubs have not been shown to be a reliable indicator of increased fabric lifespan.

ACT studies indicate that results of multiple abrasion tests performed on some woven fabric structures may vary significantly – as much as 60 percent or more. There is no correlation between Wyzenbeek and Martindale results. For more information please refer to abrasion white papers on the ACT website.


Martindale Test Video
Wyzenbeek Test Video