Wet & Dry Crocking

Colorfastness to Light

Physical Properties

Abrasion – Low Traffic

Abrasion – High Traffic

ACT Voluntary
Guideline for
Coated Fabrics

The surface wear of a fabric caused by rubbing and contact with another fabric.

High Traffic / Public Spaces – Coated Upholstery Fabrics
ASTM D4157 (ACT approved #10 Cotton Duck or Wire Screen)
50,000 double rubs Wyzenbeek method

Print Retention – Applicable for Printed Coated Upholstery Fabrics
ASTM D3389 (modified to evaluate visual determination of print loss), Rating of 3 or higher*
H-18 Wheel, 250 grams, 250 cycles Taber Tester method
*Using the ACT photographic scale of approved replicas

ACT studies indicate that results of multiple abrasion tests performed on some fabric structures may vary significantly – as much as 60 percent or more.

Double rubs exceeding 100,000 are not meaningful in providing additional value in use and not predictive of significant extension of a fabric’s service life.

There is no correlation between Wyzenbeek and Martindale results.

For more information please refer to abrasion white papers on the ACT website.


Martindale Test Video
Wyzenbeek - New Test Video
Wyzenbeek - Old Video